Geography

Mrs Paisley

We believe that the study of geography plays a vital part in developing children’s knowledge and understanding of the world around them. Geography is concerned with the study of places, the human and physical processes that shape them, and the people who live in them. It helps pupils make sense of their surroundings and the wider world.

The teaching and study of geography at Barnwood aims to,

  • stimulate children’s interest in their surroundings and in the variety of human and physical conditions on the Earth’s surface
  • foster children’s sense of wonder at the beauty of the world around them
    help children to develop an informed concern about the quality of the environment and the future of the human habitat
  • enhance children’s sense of responsibility for the care of the Earth and its people
    develop awareness of the diverse ways in which people live and an appreciation of our multi-cultural society.
  • Provide opportunities for children to consolidate and apply their basic skills in English and Maths.
    In the Foundation Stage, geography is about developing knowledge and understanding of the world. Children observe, find out about and identify features in the place they live and the natural world and find out about their environment and talk about those features they like and dislike.

In Key Stage 1 geography is about developing knowledge, skills and understanding relating to children’s own environment and the people who live there, and it helps to develop an awareness of the wider world. Children investigate and learn about the physical and human features of their own environment and appreciate how their locality is similar to and different from other places. There is a focus on geographical questions like What/Where is it? What is it like? How did it get like this? and children use a variety of geographical enquiry skills, including fieldwork skills, making and using maps, use of geographical terms, and using photographs.

In Key Stage 2 geography is about developing knowledge, skills and understanding relating to people, places and environments at different scales, in the United Kingdom and overseas, and it helps to develop an appreciation of how places relate to each other and the wider world. Children study places and themes from local to national in the United Kingdom and overseas, and investigate how people and places are linked and how they relate to the wider world. Children study how and why physical and human features are arranged as they are in a place or environment, and how people are influenced by and affect environments.

There is a focus on geographical questions such as What is it like? How did it get like this? How and why is it changing? and children develop and use geographical enquiry skills, including fieldwork and IT skills, geographical terms, making and using maps, and using photographs.

Progress in Geography will be characterised by:

  • An increase in breadth of studies i.e. the gradual extension of content – places, themes and environments to be considered,
  • An increasing depth of study i.e. the gradual development of general ideas and concepts and deeper understanding of increasingly complex and abstract processes, patterns and relationships,
  • An increase in the spatial scale of study i.e. the shift in emphasis from local, smaller scale studies to more distant, regional, national, continental and global scales,
  • A continuing development of skills i.e. the use of specific geographical skills such as map work and more general skills of enquiry matched to children's developing cognitive abilities,
  • Increasing opportunities for children to examine social, economic, political and environmental issues i.e. the chance to develop greater appreciation and understanding of the influence of people's beliefs, attitudes and values on alternative courses of action relating to people, places and environments.